1998: 7 year old Victoria Adjo Climbié leaves
Abobo in the Ivory Coast to live with her aunt,
Marie-Therese Kouao in Paris. Kouao takes the girl to
London after she is pursued by French authorities over
benefit fraud, and the school where Victoria is call in
the child safety team after concerns that Victoria is
On arrival in England, Victoria's name is given as Anna
because of the fake identity on the false passport used
to get her into Europe.
Kouao gets a job as a hospital cleaner and the pair live
in a hostel in north London.
Victoria is on a bus with her aunt when they meet Carl
Manning, a bus driver.
Victoria, move into Carl Manning's home in Tottenham,
north London, within days abuse has started.
1999, Victoria makes the first of many visits to the
Central Middlesex Hospital.
accepts Kouao's story that Victoria has inflicted the
wounds on herself by scratching at scabies sores.
Doctors alert child protection authorities as a
precaution. Haringey social worker Lisa Arthurworrey and
PC Karen Jones are assigned to the case. They later
cancel a home visit scheduled for 4th August after
hearing about the scabies.
1999, Victoria is taken to North Middlesex
Hospital's casualty department with scalding to her head
and face. Doctors immediately suspect that the injuries
have been deliberately inflicted. Kouao tells Lisa
Arthu4worrey and PC Jones that she poured hot water over
Victoria to try and stop her scratching her scalp.
1999, Victoria is discharged from the hospital and
is collected by Kouao after her explanation for the
injuries is accepted by child protection authorities
November 1999, Kouao tells social workers that Carl
Manning has sexually assaulted Victoria. She withdraws
the accusation the next day.
February 2000, Victoria is rushed to North Middlesex
Hospital suffering from a combination of malnutrition
and hypothermia. Doctors transfer her to the intensive
care ward at St Mary's Hospital in west London.
February 2000, Victoria is declared dead at 3.15pm
at St Mary's Hospital.
and Marie Therese Kouao are charged with the murder of
Victoria Climbie. During police interviews both claim
that Victoria was possessed.
2000, Manning denies murder but pleads guilty to
child cruelty and manslaughter.
Carey, the Home Office pathologist who examined her
body, found 128 separate injuries and scars, most of
them cigarette burns, he described the injuries as "the
worst case of child abuse I've encountered".
trial the prosecution made it clear that the blame for
the young girl death as not only down to the accused but
also to social services and child protection.
January 2001, Both accused are found guilty of
murder, and sentenced to life imprisonment.
Climbié was repeatedly beaten, burnt with cigarettes and
scalding water, tied up and forced to sleep naked in a
bath with only a bin liner to cover her.
The government announces a public inquiry into the death
of Victoria Climbié.
2002, at the public
enquiry Carl Manning apologises, saying he was sorry,
and sickened by what they had put the liitkle girl
through. Kouao, on the other hand, showed no remorse.